The condition known as Trigeminal neuralgia or Prosopalgia is also referred to as the suicide disease. Another name it is known for is Fothergill\’s disease. Those who have Trigeminal neuralgia will surely face pain in their face. The trigeminal nerve is a cranial nerve and it contains three branches. That is what it owes its name to. The three branches are the maxillary nerve, mandibular nerve and the ophthalmic nerve. Damage could be inflicted on one of these nerves. It could also be that all three nerves become damaged. Here, treatment has to be really effective. Since these are all sensitive nerves, you must find a good neurosurgeon to treat them in an effective manner.

In most people, Trigeminal neuralgia will affect both sides of the face. The pain can be felt particularly in your ear, forehead and cheeks. Jaws, teeth and even the scalp region can get affected at times. Depending on the region that experiences pain, the treatment option might also differ. You could experience an episode where one side of your face is besieged with pain. Several seconds could pass before the pain eases. It is possible for you to experience dozens and even hundreds of these episodes of pain that will last for several seconds. Just imagine how much strain all that pain would put your face under. The pain can then be felt in cycles. In one month, it could develop a regular pattern and you will be experiencing regular bouts of pain. Given more time, the pain will become excruciating.

Dealing with simple tasks such as talking, yawning or singing would become truly difficult. Shaving will also become a problem for people with Trigeminal neuralgia because they would have to skip some areas. This is because while some parts of the face will be numb, others will be too sensitive. Even the most minute environmental changes such as shifts in air or wind currents can prove to be painful. If the pain persists for a very long time, immediate attention is needed. Some people try radiosurgeries or drugs like anticonvulsant medicines to solve this. Even hearing loud and high-pitched noises could sharpen the pain. The pain could be comparable to the impact of an explosion or an electric shock. Initially the pain will start in one end of the trigeminal nerve.

As time passes, it will spread to the extremities. The trigeminal nerve is considered to be a crucial nerve in the body. It is meant to accomplish tasks related to sensory nerves such as tactition and thermoception. This is a nerve that is also concerned with some motor controls. The muscles used to chew is actually controlled by this nerve. When a person with Trigeminal neuralgia tries to chew, there would be a lot of pain; it is because of the connection to the nerve. The pain on the entire jaw line would be excruciating.

When there is short term compression, it will have less effect. But when there is long term compression, this might even lead to demyelination. The effect would also extend to the axon potential. Trigeminal neuralgia is also usually found among people having issues with multiple sclerosis. Trigeminal neuralgia is also likely to be caused by postherpetic neuralgia. You might not find a complete cure for it, but you can definitely manage it.

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